Through its high content in bioactive compounds, not only the berries but also the sea buck thorn shrub are considered raw material in industry.

  • pharmaceutical industry, in order to obtain some complex products, such as medicines, complex of vitamins and minerals, nutritional supplements, tonic drinks, creams, oils, medicinal soaps;
  • food industry for jams, marmalades, fruit juices, soft drinks, food colors, food yeasts;
  • beauty industry for protecting and moisturizing creams, antibacterial and moisturizing soaps;
  • livestock industry as additive in feed (meal of dried fruit, sea buck thorn yeast proteins) or as an alternative treatment in veterinary medicine (oil and extracts).

The use of sea buckthorn berries

Sea buckthorn berry usage is preferable due to the high content in vitamins, minerals, micronutrients, antioxidants, phytohormones etc. The sea buckthorn berries content of vitamin C is two times higher than rosehip and ten times higher than citrus. Vitamins A, B1, B2, B6, B9, E, K, P and F are also present in these berries in significant concentrations. These berries contain more b-carotene than carrots and other carotenoids, trace elements such as P, Ca, Mg, K, Fe, Mo, B, cellulose, proteins with high content of essential amino-acids (especially lysine), complex oils (saturated and unsaturated fatty acids, sterols), organic acids such as malic acid, succinic acid, ursolic acid and flavonoids as the ones from Gingko biloba. Also the berries and leaves contain substances with hormonal effect, especially serotonin, a substance recognized as having special physiological effects related to the central nervous system, protein synthesis, stimulation of imunoinductor system.

The food and therapeutic value of sea buckthorn

Highly valuable due to the complexity of its physical and chemical composition. The most popular nutritional applications refer to classic methods of obtaining the sea buckthorn juice (diluted or concentrated), sea buckthorn vinegar, wine and syrup. The therapeutic usage is based on the sea buckthorn powder, macerate and oil. Among the numerous bio stimulation substances contained by the sea buckthorn, the most important are the di – and tri-carboxylic acids (malic, succinic and citric)which participate directly in mitochondrial metabolic processes, cafeilchinic acids which stimulate the same processes, water soluble vitamins and trace elements which enter in the structure of many enzymes cofactors, phytohormones and ursolic acid.

Sea buckthorn in numbers

Sea buckthorn berries

Groups of substances

Water [%] Protein [%] Lipids [%] Glucides [%] Energy value [kCal]
Sea buckthorn (Hyppophae rhamnoides) 87.5 1.2 0.7 10.14 49

Bioactive compounds

Vitamin C 200-1500 mg (tipic 600 mg)
Vitamin E pana la 180 mg
Folic Acid pana la 80 μg
Carotenoids (β-carotene, lycopene, zeaxanthin) 30-40 mg
Unsaturated fatty acids ( oleic, palmitoleic, linoleic) 6-11%
Organic acids (enolic, citric, tartaric) 2,82-6,08% (expressed as malic acid); juice’s ph varies within the boundaries of 2,7-3,3
Flavonoids 100 – 1000 mg

Sea buckthorn oil

Bioactive compounds

Seed oil [mg/100 g] Juice oil [mg/100 g] Fruit residue oil [mg/100 g]
Vitamin E 207 171 300-600
Vitamin K 110-230 54-59
Carotenoids 30-250 300-870 1 280–1 860
Total acidity 11 38
Total flavonoids 550
Total sterols 1 054 721
Unsaturated fatty acids 87% 67% 70%
Saturated fatty acids 13% 33% 30%

Sea buckthorn berries and juice

Mineral elements

Berries content [mg/kg] Juice content [mg/l]
Potassium 6,44-22 147-209
Calcium 0,8-1,48 64-256
Magnesium 0,47-73 53,3-165
Iron 22-33 4,13-10,9
Selenium 5,02 7,96-11,3
Zinc 8,8-27 2,09-6,31
Manganese 8,7-15 0,81-3,86